Posts Tagged ‘Aperture’
Continuing the tour through my camera bag, we come to the gear that takes up the most room – the lenses. The previous two articles discussed the bag itself and the camera body. Here are the links if you haven’t read them yet.
Photographic Gear – A Tour of a Photographer’s Camera Bag
Photographic Gear – the Camera Body
It’s interesting that most people when they think of a camera, think of both the body and the lens combined. And granted, one is not much good without the other. One day I was with friends at the horse races and was using my 70-200mm long lens. One of my friends said, “Wow, what a nice camera.” (Here’s a tip; it looks even nicer with the lens hood on.) I doubt she would have even noticed if I had a modest 50mm lens on.
But those of us that have camera bodies with interchangeable lenses know that the body and lenses are two separate components. Together they make up what I like to think of as my artistic instrument.
Before going over each of my lenses I want to revisit something I said in the first article and that is that all my gear is selected to support my creative vision. It’s not the technology that drives my buying decisions but rather a limitation in what I’m trying to achieve. If I want to do something and my gear restricts my vision, it’s time to start looking to either replace it or add to it.
With that in mind, when it comes to lenses my creative vision extends from the broad, all-encompassing landscapes at one end to the intimate landscapes at the other. That means I need a collection of lenses that range from extreme wide-angle to strong telephoto. So, let the tour begin.
Continue reading “Photographic Gear – Lenses” »
Tags: Aperture, Camera lens, Canon, chromatic aberation, diffraction, focal length, image stabilization, Nikon, vibration reduction, vignette
Posted in Camera Gear, Journal | Comments (0)
A lot of people are doing nighttime photography these days including yours truly. There are many good sources of information on nighttime photography. I’ve written a few blog posts myself (Exciting Nighttime Photography in 10 Easy Steps). Nighttime photography falls into two categories – star trails and night sky. In this post I want to elaborate on something I’ve discovered recently with regards to night sky photography.
Nighttime photography is pretty much like daytime photography. The biggest difference is you can’t see what you’re doing. Let’s run through a quick comparison of camera settings in daytime and nighttime photography.
Continue reading “Mastering Night Photography – Focusing” »
Tags: Aperture, aperture priority, auto focus, depth of field, focal distance, focal length, hyperfocal distance, ISO, live view, manual, manual focus, night, nighttime photography, photography, shutter speed, white balance
Posted in How To, Journal, Night photography | Comments (2)
If you’re a person who’s interested in just taking pictures and don’t want to be bothered with all the technical details, you are probably photographing with your camera set to automatic mode. Often times automatic mode is indicated by a green box. Probably the handiest feature of automatic mode is that the camera makes all the decisions for you. All you have to think about is getting the people you’re photographing in the frame and pressing the shutter. The camera does everything else.
But the problem is that the camera doesn’t always get it right. Often times it will overexpose parts of the image making them look washed out. But there’s a simple way to avoid this without mastering all the complicated technical details of shooting in manual mode. And that is P mode.
Using P Mode
The P and P mode stands for Programmed Automatic. In P mode the camera allows you to make some of the decisions while it makes the rest. You get to choose whether or not to use flash, and set the ISO, exposure compensation and white balance. The camera sets the f-stop and shutter speed.
Let’s take these controls one by one. Let’s start with flash. You can decide whether you want to use flash or not. If you’re shooting in bright daylight or even on a cloudy day you probably don’t need flash. But if it’s a little darker you can always choose to turn the flash on. If you don’t know how to turn your flash on or off you’ll need to consult your camera’s manual.
Continue reading “Photo Tips – Getting Great Exposures the Easy Way” »
Tags: Aperture, aperture priority, camera settings, cloudy, color, daylight, exposure, exposure compensation, flash, image, ISO, light meter, open shade, photography, shutter speed, tungsten, white balance
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A topic that receives a lot of attention in our workshops is focus. It’s incredibly important, so important that I consider Appropriate Sharpness to be one of the four pillars of a successful landscape photograph. (For more, read Making a Photograph – The Four Pillars.) Most of the questions center around depth of field and hyperfocal distance. In fact, this is so important that I give a class on Appropriate Sharpness during just about every workshop. Let’s start the discussion with Depth of Field
Depth of Field
This is the range, if you will, of objects in the view of your camera that are in focus. Objects in front of this range are out of focus as well as objects behind the range. A deep depth of field would have the flowers just a few feet from you camera and the distant mounts miles away all in focus. The depth of field would then extend from a couple of feet to infinity and for all practical purposes would be infinitely deep. This is often referred to as a ‘near-far composition.’
A shallow depth of field may be just a couple of inches deep with nearer and more distant objects out of focus. This is referred to as ‘Selective Focus.’
Tags: Android, Aperture, composition, depth of field, DoF, focal distance, focal length, focus, hyperfocal distance, iOS, iPad, iPhone, landscape, Lens*Lab, photo, photograph, photography, selective focus, technique, workshop, Workshops
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Color Management is the science of getting the colors you want in your photographs – consistently. And in my workshops I hear all too often that people are disappointed because the colors they get in their prints are not what they saw on their monitors. They often go to a lot of work preparing an image and when they print it it’s as if all that work was a waste of time.
Color Management is indeed a science and can be very complicated and technical. But getting the same colors on the print that you see on your monitor is essential if you are to have control over the creative process. For that, color management is the key and in these series of articles I’m trying to break it down to make it more understandable and accessible for all of us.
In the previous two articles I presented the concept of a color space and what happens behind the scenes when you move the image from the camera to your computer. See Color Management Made Simple – Color Space and Color Management Made Simple – From Camera to Computer. In this article I’ll be covering the all important aspect of getting your prints to look like what you see on your monitor; that is, from Computer to Print.
Continue reading “Color Management Made Simple – From Computer to Print” »
Tags: Adobe, Adobe Camera Raw, AdobeRGB, Aperture, cmm, color management, color matching module, color space, Color System for Windows, Colormunki, ColorSync, crayola, crayon, creative process, digital camera, elements, Epson, file, ICC, ICN, ink, JPEG, Lightroom, Mac, monitor, paper, PDS, photography, PhotoShop, printer, proPhotoRGB, Ralph Nordstrom, RAW, RGB, sRGB, surfaces, TIFF, white, Windows, Workshops
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We landscape photographers tend to avoid photographing during the middle of a sunny day. The light is harsh with no color. We prefer golden hour or twilight.
But there are times when we have no choice as to when we can shoot. When we’re on vacation with family we can’t wait until sunset at every location that sparks our interest. So we get the shot and hope for the best. But there’s a technique we can use that will greatly enhance our chances of capturing a more compelling photograph.
Continue reading “HDR for Every Day” »
Tags: Adams, adjustment, adjustments, advantage, Already, Ansel, Antelope, Aperture, areas, Arizona, atmosphere, California, camera, Canon, Canyon, Colorado, comparison, Export, exposure, exposures, extent, foot, foreground, Here, history, hour, impact, Indian, Instead, Keeper, lens, Lightroom, location, locations, luxury, Mark, Mexico, monsoon, option, Park, photographers, photography, PhotoMatix, PhotoShop, reds, Rock, Santa, saturation, shadows, skills, Southern, Southwest, spectacles, Spider, spire, sunrise, sunset, technique, three, TIFF, tools, tradition, tripod, vacation
Posted in Expoure, How To Articles, Light | Comments (1)
It was in the ‘70s when I was backpacking through the Kaweah Gap areas of the Sierra Nevada mountains. We were two days out and came upon this lake. I instantly recognized it from on of Ansel Adams that I particularly liked – Precipice Lake. It was exciting and we spent the night there.
I’ve always been a fan of this Ansel Adams classic. For me it has a feeling of immensity and majesty. So it has a special meaning to me reading about it in “Examples.” A few things caught my attention in Adams’ narrative…
Continue reading “Ansel Adams – The Making of 40 Photographs: Frozen Lake and Cliffs” »
Tags: Ansel Adams, Aperture, California, chaos, cliffs, composition, compositions, depth of field, Edward Weston, exposure, exposures, Frozen Lake, Group f.64, Group f/64, image, instinct, Kaweah Gap, light meters, mountains, paper, photography, Pictorialism, Precipice Lake, Sierra Nevada, techniques, vision, visualization, Western photographers, Zone System
Posted in Journal, Making a Photograph | Comments (0)
I’ve been giving a lot of thought recently to what goes in to making a great landscape photograph. It turns out there are four things, four pillars if you will. Four, that’s a good number. There are the four legs of a table or the four wheels of a car. And not to forget the four sacred directions of the Native Americans.
In landscape photography the four pillars are evenly divided between the aesthetics and the technical. So what are they? The two aesthetic pillars are Fantastic Light and Strong Composition. No surprise there. The two technical pillars are Appropriate Sharpness and Optimum Exposure. No surprise there either. If just one of those pillars is missing, well, the table collapses, the image suffers.
Let’s look at them one by one….
(click on the images to enlarge them)
Joshua Tree Spring Sunrise (2011)
Continue reading “Making a Photograph – The Four Pillars” »
Tags: Aperture, balance, border patrol, cloudy, color, composition, constrast, cool, f/stop, fine art, focal distance, focal length, focus, golden hour, grad nd filter, graduated neutral density filter, HDR, High Dynamic Range, histogram, hyperfocal distance, light, luminance, mid-day, midday, open shade, overcast, photography, rule of thirds, shadows, sharpness, tonality, twilight, unity, visual tensioin, warm
Posted in Making a Photograph | Comments (9)
An important part of post processing is importing your photographs into Lightroom. The goal is to copy the files from your camera or laptop and store them on your desktop computer. At the same time you also want to make a backup of all of your files.
You might be interested in the configuration of my desktop computer. It has about 5 terabytes of storage. This is where the image files will be stored. I also have several terabytes of external storage – external hard drives. This is where the backup copies go.
In this example I’ll be copying files directly from the camera. The plan is to copy the files as they are to the backup storage. But the files I store on the desktop storage will be converted to DNG format. More on that in another post.
So with the big picture in mind, let’s get into the details.
Continue reading “Lightroom Tutorial – Importing Photographs” »
Tags: Adobe, Adobe Bridge, Adobe Camera Raw, Aperture, Canon, digital camera, digital darkroom, DNG, import, JPEG, Lightroom, Nikon, photographs, Post processing, RAW, tutorial
Posted in How To Articles, Lightroom | Comments (0)