Here are some tips on nighttime photography from an informative article by Dan Richards in a recent issue Popular Photography. Credit for these tips goes to three great photographers – Matt Walker, Darren White and Mashahiro Miyasaka. Here is the heart of what they shared…
- Use a fast, wide lens. Wide lenses slow the apparent motion of the stars. Fast lenses gather more of the faint light.
- Use a tripod. The shortest practical exposure is 30 seconds. Star trails require anything from tens of minutes to an hour or more.
- Use an intervalometer. This is essential for exposures greater than 30 seconds or if you plan to take a sequence of 30 second exposures.
- Be aware of the weather. An overcast sky will foil nighttime photography plans and a wind will wreak havoc with long exposures.
- Be careful. Scout the location ahead of time. Use a headlamp, especially one that has a red light so as not to destroy your night vision.
- Include interesting foregrounds. They can be silhouettes or you can light paint them. You also have the option of creating a composite image by capturing a well exposed image of the foreground at low ISO and a high ISO image of the sky and then blending the two.
- Focusing is really difficult. Autofocus doesn’t work so you must use manual focus. Pick the brightest star in the sky and use live view to focus on it (don’t change your focal length to focus; use the focal length you’ll be using for your image). Another alternative is to focus on an object at infinity during the day and then marking the focus point with fluorescent tape so you can reset the same focus at night. Again, use the focal length you will be shooting with as the infinity focus point changes as you zoom in and out.
- Exposure is critical. If you’re going to shoot starry night photographs your exposure length will be 30 seconds (with a 24 mm lens or wider). Shoot wide open and run tests with different ISO settings. If you’re going to use a long exposure to get star trails determine the ISO setting your 30 second exposure and then adjust ISO and f/stop to compensate for the length of exposure. If your ISO is 6400 at f/2.8 and 30 seconds, if you want a 60 second exposure reduce your ISO to 3200. A two-minute exposure requires an ISO of 1600.
- Take a workshop. That’s always good advice, no matter how experienced you are. There’s always more to learn.
- Don’t get disheartened. This is not easy stuff but practice pays off.
- Get in shape. Good locations for night photography are going to be where there’s minimal light pollution and that’s a long ways away from city lights.
- When the temperature is cold wrap a hand warmer around your lens to keep it from fogging over on those long half hour to hour exposures.
Well, that’s it. Yea, and I confess; I threw in a couple of my tips too.
Hey, here are a couple of blog posts I’ve done on nighttime photography a while back there.
Exciting Nighttime Photography in 10 Easy steps
So, go on out there and give it a try. Have fun and be careful.
We always enjoy hearing from you so please feel free to leave a comment and share your experiences with us.
Also sharing this post on Google+, Facebook, Twitter and the like is also appreciated.
Join me on an upcoming workshop. Click here for more details.
To see more of my photographs click here.
Tags: autofocus, composite, exposure, f/stop, fast lens, focal length, focus, focus point, foregrounds, hand warmer, headlamp, image, intervalometer, ISO, light, light paint, live view, location, manual focus, night, nighttime, overcast, photo, photo workshops, photography, seconds, silhouettes, sky, star, time, tripod, weather, wide lens, Wind, workshop
Posted in How To | Comments (0)
There are many rules of composition. I know people don’t like to use the term rules and for good reason. If you treat these rules as if they are hard and fast you can end up with compositions that are mechanical. So I prefer to call them ‘principles of composition.’ Now I’ve said before that composition is a problem solving endeavor. That is, you have been inspired by what lies before you, you have connected with it and you have an idea of what you want to say. And one of the key elements in communicating your message is the composition you choose. There is generally a point where this becomes very much of a problem solving effort, meaning it can get very analytical. And while the analysis may be important if not essential, it can cloud aesthetic considerations. Take for example this photograph of dawn in the Little Lakes Basin up Rock Creek in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.
I was drawn to this Lodgepole Pine growing from a cleft in the granite above the lake. I gave a lot of thought to this composition and compositional principles came very much into play. The way I saw it, the two key elements were the tree and the lake. I didn’t think of the peaks in the distance as being a key element although I knew they were important. And I was aware of the lake as a leading line the drew the eye to them. I placed the tree on the right 1/3 line so that it wouldn’t block the lake. And I enjoyed the wonderful alpenglow as I captured a few images through the final minutes of civil twilight. Then I wandered off looking for other photographs. But later, after the sun came up I was drawn back to this tree and saw it completely differently.
Continue reading “Mastering Composition – Balance” »
Tags: alpenglow, balance, California, composition, Little Lakes Basin, Lodgepole Pine, photo workshops, photography, photography workshop, Rock Creek, rule of thirds, rules of composition, Sierra Nevada Mountains
Posted in Composition | Comments (0)
A student of mine asked me for help in selecting a telephoto lens – what to look for and what to avoid. I put down a few ideas for him and thought that maybe you might also find this topic interesting.
Sooner or later we all buy a lens or two or five or six. I currently have four lenses in my camera bag – a wide angle zoom (17-40 mm, f/4), a mid range zoom (24-70 f/2.8), my workhorse lens (24-105 mm, f/4) and a telephoto zoom (70-200mm, f 2.8).
I have two ground rules for buying lenses that I have shared with many people.
1. There must be a demonstrated need. In other words, if you can’t realize your vision because you’re missing a particular lens then it’s time to consider adding one. Students, friends and colleagues ask me if I think they should buy a hot new lens. I always ask them, “What would this lens permit you to do that you can’t do with your current lenses?” Often, the answer is that it does nothing new for them, they just think it’s a cool lens.
2. Purchase the best glass you can afford. You will go through several camera bodies in your career but you’ll never outgrow a high quality lens.
So those are the ground rules but what else is there?
Continue reading “Twelve Tips for Buying Your Next Lens” »
Tags: glass, landscape photography, lenses, normal lens, photo workshops, photography, photography workshop, prime, purchase, purchasing, quality, telephoto lens, wide angle lens, zoom
Posted in How To Articles | Comments (0)
Every time I do a show I get asked multiple times if my photographs are manipulated. My answer is always, ‘Yes, of course.’ The hidden expectation is that photographs are supposed to be accurate depictions of the scene that is photographed. This expectation is not new. And any photographer that seeks to make art rather than documentation must face this question.
Take Ansel Adams for instance….
The above iconic Ansel Adams photograph is titled Winter Sunrise. It is of Mt Whitney and Lone Pine Peak above the Alabama Hills with Adams’ characteristic dramatic lighting.
There’s an interesting excerpt regarding this photograph from his book, “Examples, The Making of 40 Photographs.”
“The enterprising youth of the Lone Pine High School had climbed the rocky slopes of the Alabama Hills and whitewashed a huge white L P for the world to see. It is a hideous and insulting scar on one of the great vista of our land, and shows in every photograph made of the area. I ruthlessly removed what I could of the L P from the negative (in the left-hand hill), and have always spotted out any remaining trace in the print. I have been criticized by some for doing this, but I am not enough of a purist to perpetuate the scar and thereby destroy – for me, at least – the extraordinary beauty and perfection of this scene.”
It seems the debate raged in Adams’ day and continues today. I guess you know where I stand. Oh, and for those ‘purists’ that revere Adams, if they only knew.
Go ahead. Express yourself in your photographs.
Join me on an upcoming workshop. Click here for more details.
To see more of my photographs click here.
Tags: Alabama Hills, Ansel Adams, art, communication, Eastern Sierra, fine art, interpretation, landscape photography, Lone Pine, Lone Pine Peak, master, Mt Whitney, photo workshops, photography workshop, photogrpahy
Posted in Journal, Photographer as Artist | Comments (5)
I recently returned from seven fantastic days of an exciting photography workshop in the Eastern Sierra (any day or night in the Eastern Sierra is fantastic). I organized all of my photographs in Lightroom. And I thought it would be a good idea to share the steps I go through in case you might find it useful.
I try to keep up with importing the photographs from the day’s shoots into the copy of Lightroom running on my laptop. I’m not going to go into the specifics of the import process but you can read about it here.
Lightroom Tutorial – Importing Photographs
I’ve set up Lightroom to apply certain adjustments to the files as they are imported. For example, Lightroom applies adjustments in the following Developer areas – Basic, Tone Curve, Detail (capture sharpening), Lens Correction (lens make and model) and Camera Calibration (Process and Profile). The details are spelled out in this post.
Lightroom Tutorial – Camera Specific Presets
Tags: Adobe, Alabama Hills, Big Pine, Bishop, California, Convict Lake, Eastern Sierra, Half Done, import, Independence, Lee Vining, Lightroom, Lone Pine, Mono Lake, moon set, North Lake, Olmsted Point, Owens River, photo workshops, photography workshop, sunrise, sunset, Tioga Pass, workflow, Yosemite
Posted in How To Articles, Lightroom | Comments (0)